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When it comes to building a website, there are a lot of elements in place that can help developers make the job a lot simpler. Web development coding standards govern the way that sites and the mechanisms controlling them operate. At ioVista, we want you to get a brief glimpse of these standards so that you can better understand how websites are built and what’s required of them.
Why Do We Have Coding Standards?
When you think about it, if every developer was allowed to program different elements of a website by themselves, the internet wouldn’t work. It would be a vast network of broken links and sites that wouldn’t load, all because nothing is keeping them in check.
Thus, the World Wide Web Consortium (W3C) came up with some standard conventions regarding various elements of websites that all developers must adhere to. This way, every site you visit will work correctly, regardless of the browser or computer on which you view it.
Without these standards, the internet wouldn’t exist in its current form, and it would be much harder to build a site from scratch. Let’s see how these standards exist on the web.
Common Web Development Standards
Today we’re going to look at the following W3C standards
Let’s see how each one works.
HTML and CSS
If you want to build a website, you first need a basic structure on which to attach everything. Hypertext Markup Language (HTML) is like the skeleton of your site, as it uses elements like tags and coding to create an outline for all of the various components you’re going to include.
While HTML is crucial, it’s far too complex for most users. That’s where CSS comes in. This programming language allows you to configure visual and aural elements, such as fonts, colors, and your layout.
Working together, these standards enable you to get the inner workings of your site up and running without having to code everything line by line. Currently, the latest versions of these standards are HTML5 and CSS3. XML is another version of HTML, and it offers some more advanced features that build from the original framework.
Part of what makes the internet such a fundamental aspect of modern life is that everyone can access it. User accessibility is a driving force behind many of these standards, which is why all sites have to adhere to them so that anyone can visit them.
The mission statement offered by the W3C says: “The Web is fundamentally designed to work for all people, whatever their hardware, software, language, culture, location, or physical or mental ability.” All developers must respect this idea when creating their work.
Although each country has different laws governing how the internet can be used and accessed, the standards for development are still the same across international lines.
As part of the accessibility mantra above, many standards help developers create material that will work across the globe.
Audio and Visual Components
For many websites, enhancing the user experience (UX) is as simple as embedding a video or an audio clip. Whether it’s an ad for a business or a piece of entertainment, these elements can make a site much more enjoyable and engaging.
To help ensure that audio and visual components translate well across devices and browsers, many of these standards exist so that the user won’t experience things like lag times and buffering.
These days, privacy is a hot-button issue. Since it seems like hackers are always a looming threat, it’s never been more vital for web developers to consider how their sites protect the privacy of their users.
Some examples of privacy standards offered by the W3C include:
Do Not Track – this allows users to decide when they want their movements online to be tracked by third parties, such as businesses and other sites (i.e., social media). If a user doesn’t want to be monitored, websites have to enable them to do so.
Platform for Privacy Preferences (P3P) – all websites have to make their privacy standards accessible to all visitors, and they have to lay out their policies in terms that the average user can understand. This way, there is accountability if something goes wrong.
Contact IoVista Today
If you want to get a high-quality website that will enable your business to thrive, visit us at www.iovista.com. We have all of the tools you need to succeed, so see how we can make these coding standards work for you.
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